Distributions

Distribution Types and Calculations
Overview
Distribution Types (i.e. spending policies) define how the spendable balance of an endowed fund (or quasiendowed fund) is calculated.
Components
There are three main components to Distribution Types: the Type (i.e. how the spendable balance is calculated), the Percent (i.e. how much of a fund's balance can be spent), and the Calculation Base (i.e. the type of fund balance that will be used to make the calculations).
Type
The Type field defines the type of calculation that will be used to calculate the spendable balance of a fund. The type that you select dictates which fields need to be completed in the Options area.
 Average Per Quarter (avg_per_qtr) looks at quarter ending balances over a set number of quarters.
 This option is often used for funds with large balance fluctuations because it has the affect of "smoothing" out the calculation.
 If average per quarter is selected, enter the number of trailing quarters in the Trail Quarters field within the Options section.
 You must leave the Trail Years field blank.
 Average Per Year (avg_per_yr) calculates the average of yearend balances over a set number of years. The average is then multiplied by the percent field.
 If average per year is selected, enter the number of trailing years in the Trail Years field within the Options section.
 You must leave the Trail Quarters field blank.
 If average per year is selected, enter the number of trailing years in the Trail Years field within the Options section.
 Percent takes a percentage of the fund balance.
 This option does not use averages, and instead calculates as a spot time.
 If Percent is selected, you must leave the Trail Quarters and Trail Years fields blank within the Options section.
PercentThe percent field defines the percentage of a fund balance that can be spent. This must be defined for all types (avg_per_qtr, avg_per_yr, & percent).
Calculation Base
The Calculation Base refers to the type of fund balance that the system will look at when calculating the spendable balance of a fund.
 Bank and Investment Balance looks at fund assets that are specifically held within bank and investment accounts.
 For example, if you had an illiquid asset (such as a life insurance policy) held within Other Current Assets, you could use the Bank and Investment Balance option to exclude the Other Current Assets account from the calculation, and prevent your distributions from being inflated by the illiquid asset.
 Unless another option is selected, Bank and Investment Balance will be used by default (not to be confused with the actual Default Balance option).
 Principal Balance looks at the endowed portion of a fund.
 Default Balance looks at the retained earnings of a fund.
 Total Balance looks across all asset accounts (as opposed to the Bank and Investment Balance option).
Assign to Funds
Once created, distribution types can be assigned to a fund(s) by editing the fund and selecting the desired distribution type from the Distribution Type dropdown in the Restrictions section of the fund. You should also check the box next to Track Spendable.
"Track Spendable" tells CommunitySuite to show the "Spendable Balance" on the fund (in addition to the regular Fund Balance). As a best practice, the Track Spendable box should be checked for any fund that has a spending policy assigned (i.e. Distribution Type).
Example
As previously discussed, there are three Distribution Type options, and four Calculation Base options. For the purpose of this article and examples, 12 distribution types were created: one for each combination of Type and Calculation base options (see image below).
To make a clear distinction between each distribution type and the resulting calculations, 12 endowed funds were also created one for each combination of Type and Calculation base options. They are named "Endowed Fund" followed by the name of the their assigned distribution type (see example below).
Donation data was imported to each of the endowed funds and deposited within specific accounts (see image below). Some things to note about the donation data:
 Donations were made from three profiles (Rick Rambus, John Majors, and Bull Mountain).
 Each of the three profiles made one donation per quarter over the span of three years.
 Donations from Rick Rambus and John Majors were deposited in the Default Checking account, and donations from Bull Mountain were deposited in the Default Investment account.
 Each $1000 donation from Bull Mountain was applied directly to the spendable amount of the relevant funds, while donations from Rick Rambus and John Majors were not.
Results
The example below shows the resulting transactions from processing distributions for the funds and distribution types that we discussed earlier in this article. Distributions were processed with a Calculate Date and Post Date of 12/31/2020.
Before processing, the review screen displays detailed information about the transactions that will take place.
Once the distributions are reviewed and posted, you can view the GL detail of each distribution by selecting the TransID, or view the spendable transaction detail by clicking distribution amount in the Amount column (see below).
GL Transaction Detail (TransID Link)
Spendable Transaction Detail (Amount Link)  Average Per Quarter (avg_per_qtr) looks at quarter ending balances over a set number of quarters.

Process Distributions
 Select Distributions from the Home page.
 Click Create.
 Enter the Calculate Date, Post Date, and check the box(es) next to the Distribution Type(s) that you want to include; then click Next.
 The following table shows the distributions that will be applied to each fund. These are calculated based on the parameters you set for each Distribution Type and Interval.
 If needed, check the box next to a Fund to exclude that fund from the distribution, or edit the amount for a distribution.
 Click Create Distributions.
 To view the details of each distribution (Spendable Transaction Detail), click a distribution Amount.
 Select Distributions from the Home page.

Distribution Intervals*
If a Distribution Interval is quarterly, then the distribution date has to be at the end of a quarter. If you try to run it on the 19th of February, you wouldn’t be able to. You’d have to run the distribution on either March 31st, June 30th, September 30th, or December 31st.
Distributions with a yearly interval actually have to be run on January 1st, not December 31st.

Edit Distribution Types
 Navigate to Distributions from the Home page.
 Select Distribution Type from the leftside menu.
 In the Distribution Types window, click the Distribution Type ID that you want to Edit.
 Click Edit from the leftside menu.
 Make any edits and click Save.
 Note: To post Distributions to an Account other than your Spendable Account, select an Equity Account from the Equity Account dropdown.

Clear Unspent Spendable Balance
If a fund’s spendable balance is not spent it will remain in the spendable balance and it will be calculated as part of the Fund's assets. Follow these steps to clear any unspent distributions.
 Select Distributions from the Home page.
 Select Clear Spendable.
 Enter the As Of Date (date that the unspent spendable balance will be reset to zero), and a Reason for clearing the spendable balances.
 Click Review.
 Check the boxes next to each fund with a spendable balance that you want to reset to zero.
 Click Clear Checked Balances.
Notice the transactions that make up the total spendable balance and the final entry removes that amount, so the fund now has a spendable balance of zero (0). The system makes a reversing entry to back out the spendable amount.
If you clear the spendable amount by accident you will need to manually add the money back to the spendable balance.
 Select Distributions from the Home page.

Manually Adjust Spendable Balance
 Navigate to Funds from the Home page.
 Select the desired Fund.
 Click Manual Distribution from the leftside menu.
 In the Manual Distribution Entry window, enter a:
 Post Date
 Description
 Amount
 Click Create.
Note:
 CommunitySuite limits you to one Manual Distribution per Fund per day.
 To use the Manual Distribution feature, Track Spendable Balance must be turned on.

Create Distribution Types
 Navigate to Distributions from the Home page.
 Select Distribution Types from the leftside menu.
 Click Create.
 In the Create Distribution Type window, enter the following:
 Name
 Type  Type of calculation you use to determine the amount to be dispersed.
 Percentage (percent)
 Average Per Quarter (avg per qtr)
 Average Per Year (avg per year)
 Percent  Distribution percent
 Enter as a decimal (Ex: .03 = 3%)
 Trail Quarters
 Trail Years
 Click Create.
If you selected Average per Quarter or Average per Year in the Type field, and your spending policy requires that the distribution percentage be calculated on the average balance of a fund over a period of time longer than one quarter or one year; enter the number of past quarters or years to calculate the distribution from.

If you selected Average Per Quarter, enter the number of quarters in the Trail Quarters field.

If you selected Average Per Year, enter the number of years in the Trail Years field.